Analyse des disparitésde genre pour lariposte vaccinale

La recherche sur la pandémie de COVID-19 a mis en évidence la nécessité d’une approche plus équitable entre les femmes, les hommes et les personnes aux autres identités de genre dans la réponse vaccinale. Alors que les agences de santé publique du monde entier s’efforcent de garantir l’accès de toutes et tous aux vaccins, les acteurs de la communication sur les risques et de l’engagement communautaire (CREC) doivent reconnaître et prendre en compte les différentes façons dont le genre peut influencer la couverture vaccinale et l’acceptation des vaccins.

Breakthrough ACTION a élaboré une boite à outils pour une analyse ddes disparités de genre pour la riposte vaccinale à l’intention des acteurs de la RCCE qui travaillent avec les autorités sanitaires nationales et d’autres partenaires pour élaborer, mettre en œuvre et surveiller une réponse vaccinale. Cette boîte à outils fournit des conseils pratiques pour identifier les obstacles liés au genre qui doivent être abordés et identifier les opportunités qui peuvent être exploitées pour permettre une riposte vaccinale équitable du point de vue du genre qui augmente la couverture vaccinale pour toutes et tous. Bien que Breakthrough ACTION ait développé cette boîte à outils en se basant sur l’amélioration de l’utilisation des vaccins COVID-19, elle est applicable à toute réponse vaccinale.

La boîte à outils comprend:

  • Des preuves de l’importance de la prise en compte de la dimentions genre dans une riposte vaccinale.
  • Des conseils étape par étape et des astuces pour mener une analyse des disparités de genre.
  • Des fichiers Excel modifiable d’analyse des disparités de genres pour collecter, organiser et analyser les informations existantes et faire des recommandations sur les trois piliers de la CREC : systèmes de CREC pour les situations d’urgence, communication des risques, et engagement communautaire.
  • Une analyse des disparités de genre illustrative basée sur la riposte vaccinale COVID-19 d’un pays.
  • Ressources supplémentaires pour l’intégration de la dimension genre dans les activités de CREC.

Gender Analysis for Vaccine Response

Research on the COVID-19 pandemic has underscored the need for a more gender equitable approach to a vaccine response. As public health agencies around the world work to ensure that everyone has access to vaccines, risk communication and community engagement (RCCE) actors must recognize and address the different ways in which gender can impact vaccine acceptance and uptake.

Breakthrough ACTION developed the Gender Analysis Toolkit for Vaccine Response for RCCE actors working with national health authorities and other partners to develop, implement, and monitor a vaccine response. This toolkit provides practical guidance to identify gender related barriers that need to be addressed and identify opportunities that can be leveraged to enable a gender equitable vaccine response that increases coverage for all. While Breakthrough ACTION developed this toolkit based on improving uptake of COVID-19 vaccines, it is applicable for any vaccine response.

The toolkit includes:

  • Evidence on the importance of considering gender in a vaccine response.
  • Step-by-step guidance and tips for conducting a gender analysis.
  • Worksheets to collect, organize, and analyze existing information and make recommendations across three RCCE pillars: RCCE systems for emergencies, risk communication, and community engagement.
  • An illustrative gender analysis based on a country’s COVID-19 vaccine response.
  • Additional resources for integrating gender in RCCE activities.

Shifting Social and Gender Norms as Part of Social and Behavior Change, Part 1

When behavior change is the goal, program planners need to understand if, how, when, and under what conditions a behavior is influenced by social and gender norms. Social and gender norms are the implicit, informal rules that most people accept and abide by; these rules are learned and reinforced from childhood to adulthood through observation, instruction, and social interaction. Norms play out at all levels, in individual decisions, relationships, and communities, and are also embedded in formal and informal institutions. They can have profound effects on individuals and group behaviors and actions.

This online course was developed by Breakthrough ACTION and adapted from the in-person and virtual Social Norms Training Curriculum developed by the Passages Project. Part 1 offers an overview of social and gender norms and an introduction to using norms assessments for designing social and behavior change programs. The course uses animations and real-life case examples to illustrate the application of this work in different contexts. Part 2, which will be available in 2024, covers the design of norms-shifting interventions and the measurement of these approaches.

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Know, Care, Do: A Theory of Change for Engaging Men and Boys in Family Planning

Engaging men and boys in family planning (FP) and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) can improve their own lives and those of their intimate partners, families, and communities. Evidence shows that engaging men and boys in FP/SRH programs decreases unintended pregnancy, improves maternal health, reduces sexually transmitted infections such as HIV/AIDS, and advances gender equality (see Materials tab for references). Though progress has been made to engage men and boys more effectively in FP/SRH programs, most programs continue to do so in incomplete ways.

This course is intended for program implementers who are working to increase and improve the engagement of men and boys in FP programs and services. Course participants will deepen their understanding of what engaging men and boys in FP means and how programs and services can engage them in supportive, affirming, and gender equitable ways. Throughout this course, participants will familiarize themselves with the Know, Care, Do theory of change and case studies that guide the design and implementation of programs and services that engage men and boys in FP/SRH across their life course and across all levels of the socio-ecological model. Allowing for pauses to complete short reflection exercises, this course will take approximately two hours to complete.